If you’re hosting your Subversion repository remotely, either through a web host or through one of many Subversion hosting services, you probably won’t have direct access to the server to be able to run shell commands on it. This can create a challenge when it comes to backing up and restoring your SVN repositories remotely.
Trying to achieve this using the svnadmin command will not work:
svnadmin load http://project.hosting/svn/repo < dump
svnadmin: 'http://project.hosting/svn/repo' is an URL when it should be a path
There is however a way of doing this remotely.
What You Need
You’re going to need a a tool called svnrdump. As described by Apache, “svnrdump replicates the functionality of svnadmin dump and svnadmin load, but works on remote repositories, instead of needing administrator (local filesystem) access to the source or target repository.”
The easiest way to get svnrdump is by downloading and installing the SVN client utility, TortoiseSVN and making sure to install the “Command Line Client Tools” in the installer options. You can then find svnrdump inside the bin folder where TortoiseSVN was installed.
Backing Up Your Repository Remotely
We’re now going to generate a .dump file which contains the entire history of revisions for our repository. To make a complete backup run the following command:
svnrdump dump [SOURCE_URL] > [DUMP_DESTINATION]
svnrdump dump svn://myrepohost.com:port/repos/myproject > C:\myrepobackup.dump
Note that this command requires your target server to be running SVN 1.4 or newer. For more information about the dump command as well as additional parameters please see the documentation.
Restoring Your Repository Remotely
Now that we have our .dump file, we can use it to restore our repository. To restore your repository run the following command:
svnrdump load [DESTINATION_URL] < [SOURCE_DUMP]
svnrdump load svn://myrepohost.com:port/repos/newproject < C:\myrepobackup.dump
Note that this command requires your target server to be running SVN 1.7 or newer. For more information about the load command as well as additional parameters please see the documentation.
Here’s a windows batch file that I use to make one click backups, it creates a file called SVN_YYMMDD.dmp in the same directory as the batch file:
for /F "tokens=2,3,4 delims=/ " %%i in ('date/t') do set y=%%k for /F "tokens=2,3,4 delims=/ " %%i in ('date/t') do set d=%%k%%i%%j for /F "tokens=5-8 delims=:. " %%i in ('echo.^| time ^| find "current" ') do set t=%%i%%j set "outFilename=%~dp0SVN_%d%.dmp" cd "C:\Program Files\TortoiseSVN\bin" svnrdump dump svn://yoursvnserver:port > %outFilename% PAUSE